4 Signs of a Bone Tumor to Watch Out for

4 Signs of a Bone Tumor to Watch Out for

Definition of Bone Tumor

A tumor is a lump in soft tissue or bone that shouldn't be in that place.

Some bone tumors can be benign or malignant, so they don't spread. Other bone tumors are malignant. Let's look at the explanation of the types of tumors below:

Benign Bone Tumors (Benign)

Tumors do not have the potential to spread to other parts of the body
Has low recurrence ability
Malignant Bone Tumors (Malignant)

Tumors are aggressive and have the potential to spread either locally or to distant sites
Has a high recurrence ability


4 Signs and Symptoms of Bone Tumors

1. Pain

This is the most common symptom of bone tumors
Initially mild pain that gets worse in the course of the disease
Pain does not improve with treatment and is chronic
2. Lumps or Swelling

Usually occurs in the area where the tumor is located
Accompanied by disturbances in the movement of the joints around
Caused by the suppression of the tumor to the surrounding soft tissue
3. Movement Disorders

Usually caused by tumors around the joints
Causes mechanical disturbances in the joints that cause limited range of motion
4. Broken Bones

Fractures resulting from disproportionate trauma
Occurs due to damage to bone structure due to tumor
Indicates a malignant tumor or an aggressive benign tumor

Difference Between Benign and Malignant Bone Tumors

Benign Tumor

No pain or mild pain
Magnification is not fast
Size <5cm
Not accompanied by systemic symptoms (fever, weakness and weight loss)

Malignant Tumor

Mild to severe pain, accompanied by rest or at night and progressive pain
General size >5cm
Accompanied by systemic symptoms
Signs of spread with enlarged glands around the tumor

Diagnostic Enforcement

X-Ray Examination
Nuclear check
MRI examination
Biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosing bone tumors



Surgical excision of the tumor
Excision depends on the aggressiveness of the tumor or it can be said that the tumor is taken depending on the size and type of tumor

Intralesional excision or curettage
generally used in certain benign tumors

Marginal excision
surrounds the edges of the lesion used in benign or intermediate tumors

Wide excision
This is done by taking healthy tissue away from the tumor, generally in malignant tumors

Radical excision
performed by taking all parts of the bone and muscle, generally in malignant tumors

Neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy
Only performed on malignant tumors with a risk of spread (metastasis)

Intended for :

reduce tumor size
limit the spread to other places
Support the surgery that will be carried out, especially limb salvage surgery

Performed by giving radiation to destroy malignant tumors that are sensitive to radiation (Ewing's sarcoma)


Adjunctive therapy for tumors with large, difficult locations (near blood vessels or extensive local infiltration)
Alternative therapy for amputation
Therapy for bone marrow tumors (myeloma, lymphoma)
Palliative therapy

When to go to the doctor?

If a person experiences any of the symptoms mentioned above, immediately consult a doctor for an examination and get further treatment. To carry out the examination, Sahabat Hermina can make an appointment with a specialist orthopedic surgeon, consultant oncologist, dr. Waluyo Sugito, SpOT (K) Onk at Used Hermina Hospital
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