5 Mouth Diseases to Watch Out For!

5 Mouth Diseases to Watch Out For!

The mouth is a part of the body whose function is very vital. If not treated properly, it can cause serious health problems. What types of oral diseases do you need to watch out for?

  1. Glossitis

Glossitis is inflammation of the tongue. In some more severe cases, glossitis can lead to respiratory obstruction when the tongue swells very badly. Some things that can cause glossitis are:

  1. Allergic reactions to certain irritants, including certain foods or medications.

  2. Oral trauma, which is usually caused by an injury.

  3. Dry mouth d) iron deficiency.

  4. certain diseases

  1. A fungal infection in the mouth

Thrush is caused by the fungus Candida albicans. Canker sores are also said to be a form of disorder that occurs in the mucous membranes of the mouth and looks like a wound with the appearance of a spot that is slightly yellowish-white in color and has a concave texture. Apart from fungal infections, thrush can also occur due to:

  1. wearing dentures.

  2. Bitten wound

  3. The use of hot or cold water;

  4. The use of mouthwash containing drying ingredients such as glycerin/lemon and alcohol;

  5. The use of certain drugs such as corticosteroids and antibiotics

  6. A weakened immune system;

  7. A lack of B vitamins, iron, and vitamin C;

  8.  Abnormalities or digestive disorders;

  9. Poor oral health and hygiene.

  1. Stomatitis

Stomatitis is inflammation that occurs in the oral mucosa, usually in the form of yellowish-white spots. Symptoms include a burning or burning feeling that occurs one or two days later and can cause sores in the oral cavity.

  1. Salivary gland disorders

  1. Viral and bacterial infections Several types of viral infections, such as mumps, flu, and HIV, can cause swelling of the salivary glands. Symptoms can include fever, muscle aches, joint pain, swelling of both cheeks, and headaches.

  2. Stones in the salivary glands (sialolithiasis) Sialolithiasis occurs when the salivary glands produce too much saliva in the mouth. This causes substances contained in saliva, such as calcium, to harden and form small stones. These stones can block the flow of saliva to the mouth, then make the salivary glands swell and feel painful.

  3. Infection of the salivary glands (sialadenitis) Obstructed flow of saliva into the mouth can cause a bacterial infection of the salivary glands. This infection makes the glands swell, causing lumps to form in the overlying layer of skin and oozing foul-smelling pus.

  4. Sjogren's syndrome Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by damage to the glands that produce tears, saliva, sweat glands, and mucous glands in the vagina. The result is a feeling of dryness in the eyes, mouth, skin, and vagina.

  5. Cyst Cysts can form in the salivary glands if there is an injury, infection, tumor, or stone that blocks the flow of saliva. However, there are also people who are born with cysts in the parotid glands. This condition is usually caused by impaired ear development. Cysts in the salivary glands can make it difficult for sufferers to eat, speak, and swallow. Sometimes, accompanied by yellow mucus that flows out of the salivary glands when the cyst ruptures.

  1. Oral Leukoplakia (a white plaque in the mouth) Oral leukoplakia is a condition in which thick, white patches form on your tongue and the lining of your mouth. Smoking is the most common cause. But irritation from exposure to other substances can also cause this condition.

Those are some diseases that are prone to occur in the mouth. If Hermina's friends experience the various symptoms described, don't hesitate to consult dr. Adi Ahmad Yusuf, Sp.PM, he is a Specialist Doctor for Oral Diseases at Hermina Tasikmalaya Hospital in order to get the right treatment and as soon as possible.

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