Typhoid Fever Often Occurs in Children, Let's Find Out the Cause!

Typhoid Fever Often Occurs in Children, Let's Find Out the Cause!

Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection caused by Salmonella typhi. Although it can affect anyone, including children, typhoid fever is often more serious in children because their immune systems are not yet fully developed. This time we will discuss typhoid fever in children.

This disease is generally caused by consuming water or food contaminated by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Children who live in areas with poor sanitation or limited access to clean water are at higher risk of contracting typhoid fever. Additionally, a lack of personal hygiene can also increase the risk of infection.

Symptoms of typhoid fever in children can vary, but common ones include:

  1. High Fever, a child's body temperature can reach 39-40°C or even higher.
  2. Headaches, children may experience severe headaches.
  3. Abdominal Pain, abdominal pain, especially around the navel, may occur.
  4. Joint and Muscle Pain, children can feel joint and muscle pain.
  5. Loss of Appetite, the child may lose his appetite and experience weight loss.
  6. Diarrhea or Constipation, digestive disorders such as diarrhea or constipation can occur.
  7. Nausea and Vomiting, children can experience nausea and vomiting, sometimes accompanied by a yellow color (bilious vomiting).

Treatment of typhoid fever in children usually involves giving antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin or azithromycin. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions exactly and complete the entire cycle of antibiotics, even if symptoms have improved. In addition to antibiotics, it is also important to ensure that children get enough rest, adequate hydration, and good nutrition.

Preventive measures are essential to reduce the risk of typhoid fever in children. Some steps you can take include:

  1. Vaccination, typhoid fever vaccine can provide significant protection. Consult your doctor for the appropriate vaccination schedule.
  2. Personal Hygiene, teach children to wash their hands regularly, especially before eating and after using the toilet.
  3. Food Processing, ensure food is cooked well, and avoid consuming raw or undercooked food.
  4. Access to Clean Water, ensure children have adequate access to clean water for drinking and washing.

Typhoid fever in children can be a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. With proper diagnosis and treatment, and preventive measures implemented, the risk of infection can be reduced. Hermina's friends need to understand the symptoms of typhoid fever and consult a doctor if they have concerns about their child's health. For consultations regarding children's health, Hermina Purwokerto Hospital provides pediatricians.

Access to registration can be done in the following 4 ways:
1. Download the mobile application on Playstore (Type Halo Hermina)
2. Call Call Center 1500488
3. Via website -> www.herminahospitals.com
4. Via the Halodoc application

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