Factors that trigger asthma attacks that can harm your health
Asthma is a disorder in the form of chronic inflammation of the airways that causes narrowing of the airways (bronchial hyperactivity), resulting in recurrent episodic symptoms in the form of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing, especially at night or early in the morning. These trigger factors are very important for asthma sufferers and their families to know. By knowing and avoiding these trigger factors, it is hoped that you will avoid asthma attacks. Besides avoiding asthma attacks, avoiding trigger factors can make your asthma fully controlled and your life activities return to normal. These trigger factors include:
1. allergens (animal dander, house dust)
For some people, cats may be cute and adorable animals. It's not uncommon for people to end up making cats pets at home. However, it is different for people who are allergic to cat fur. Seeing this animal wandering nearby will give rise to a number of disturbing allergy symptoms. Cat fur allergy is a condition when the body experiences reactions or symptoms when exposed to cat fur that contains allergy triggers. So, is a cat fur allergy dangerous? Of course, it depends on the condition of each person experiencing it. If the allergic reaction is mild, of course it can be managed by avoiding allergy triggers and is not dangerous. However, if the allergic reaction you experience is severe (even to the point of anaphylaxis), of course it is dangerous. Allergies to dust are usually characterized by a number of problems with the respiratory system, such as asthma, shortness of breath, or wheezing. This condition can be controlled and prevented from recurring through lifestyle changes or taking medication as recommended by a doctor.
2. Food (preservatives, flavorings)
Chemical flavor enhancers and food preservatives can sometimes trigger asthma flare-ups for some people. Several types of substances in processed foods that are most likely to have this negative effect, according to the same site, are benzoates, tartrazine, monosodium glutamate, and sulfites.
3. Respiratory tract infections
Respiratory tract infections are infections that occur in the respiratory tract, which can be upper or lower. Although it can usually heal without special treatment, this condition can be dangerous for children, the elderly, or people with weak immune systems.
4. Air pollution and smoke
A polluted environment or air pollution can also cause asthma. Air pollution can be in the form of smoke produced from motor vehicles, factory smoke, smoke from burning rubbish or forest fires, as well as a lot of flying dust. This air pollution can contaminate you when you leave the house or inside the house. A house or room that is rarely cleaned can produce pollution in the form of dust, which can easily trigger asthma. This air pollution is an irritant, so if it is inhaled, the respiratory tract will become sensitive and narrow, thereby risking causing asthma.
5.Changes in the weather
This cold air is one of the triggers for asthma. For example, if the AC room is too cold, it can also trigger asthma. Riding a motorized vehicle at night without wearing a jacket is also very dangerous for people with this disease.
Be wise in using medicine. Asthma sufferers now need to be more careful when taking medicine. The reason is that a study found that there is a risk that drugs that lower cholesterol levels can trigger a recurrence and worsening of asthma.
7.Excessive activity results in fatigue.
Excessive exercise drains your energy. Mental and physical fatigue can affect your immune system.
8.Irritants entering the respiratory tract
The condition of inhaling irritants, for example, cigarette smoke, nitrogen oxide, ozone, sulfur oxide, and other gases, can cause damage to the anatomical structure of the respiratory tract. Certain irritants, for example, cigarette smoke, can also be allergens or substances that trigger allergies in people who have hypersensitivity.
If someone is exposed to the smell of chemical liquids, it will usually stimulate the airways and irritate them, so that sensitive airways will cause a reaction with symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, and, over time, shortness of breath.
Be careful if you hold on to too much thought to the point of experiencing stress. Because stress can also be a cause of asthma, Therefore, manage your mind so that it is always calm and peaceful to avoid stress. Apart from that, manage your time well so that work doesn't pile up. Because the piling workload also has a high risk of causing stress.
Considering that asthma is a disease that attacks the respiratory tract, it is very important to always consult a doctor before taking medication. Even asthma attacks can be fatal if not treated immediately. Immediately go to the nearest doctor or hospital if you feel short of breath, even though you are not doing much physical activity, and there is no change after using the inhaler.