Avoid Influenza Complications in Children so It Doesn't Have a Fatal Result
Influenza, or often referred to as the flu, is a seasonal disease that is prone to attacking anyone, especially children and adults who have weak immune systems.
Influenza, or flu, is very susceptible to attack in children, especially during the transition season. The condition of this child will certainly make parents anxious. Although worrying, these health problems can usually be cured with home treatments. One of them is that the patient must get enough rest.
Influenza (Flu) is a viral infection that affects the respiratory tract and is highly contagious. Symptoms in adults and children who experience influenza can be characterized by clinical symptoms such as fever, body aches, cough, runny nose, and several other symptoms.
Generally, if it occurs in children, generally, suffering from the flu can be cured in less than one week. In certain cases, children who have the flu can develop very serious infections. So you have to get treatment at the hospital immediately.
The cause of the flu comes from airborne droplets from another patient who is coughing, sneezing, or talking to other people who are not infected. Viruses that thrive in the air are inhaled or attached to objects that are touched or are in the vicinity, such as phones, keyboards, doorknobs, laptops, or computers.
The virus is then transferred to an uninfected person through the hand holding the object and then to the eyes, nose, and mouth.
Recognizing the Symptoms of Influenza (Flu)
The influenza (Flu) disease that attacks children will show the following symptoms:
- High fever with a temperature ranging from 39.4 to 40.5 degrees Celsius.
- Fever or pain that attacks the whole body.
- Sore throat
- Runny nose or stuffy nose?
- Some people will experience hot eyes that range from red to watery.
In more severe cases, children who experience symptoms of influenza will experience the following symptoms:
Meanwhile, in certain population groups, influenza can have a more severe risk of complications, namely:
- Children aged 0 months to 5 years old
- Seniors who are over 65 years old
- Pregnant women and mothers who give birth in under two weeks
- Patients who experience a decreased immune system
- Patients who already have other chronic diseases, such as asthma, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, brain health problems, and health problems in the nervous system, should be referred to
- Patients who are severely obese with a body mass index of more than 4
Influenza in children who require a doctor's examination
Influenza that attacks babies must be treated immediately, especially if they are under 6 months old. Patients should always get exclusive breastfeeding. Meanwhile, in children aged 5 years or older, if the condition worsens, they should immediately consult a doctor.
Symptoms that parents need to watch out for when their child is experiencing influenza so that there is no delay in checking up with a doctor include:
- The child has a high fever continuously until the temperature is more than 38 degrees Celsius.
- The child has seizures because the body temperature is too high.
- Children lose their appetite
- The respiratory tract in children becomes problematic with shortness of breath and wheezing.
- The child's body becomes weak, he vomits, and the lips look blue.
- The throat feels dry and there is constant pain in the head, stomach, and ears.
- A cough that does not subside for more than three days, even causing choking,
- The neck is stiff.
- The child becomes very fussy.
- Children have trouble sleeping.
How to recognize influenza or the common cold in children.
Both influenza and the common cold that occur in children are both caused by viruses. Children's symptoms are similar to those of adults, including fever, body aches, runny nose, dry throat, weakness, and headache.
The two health disorders can be distinguished by paying attention to the severity of the disease and the symptoms that appear. Influenza symptoms in children will appear more quickly and they will look sick immediately. Meanwhile, cold symptoms will appear gradually.
Influenza Risks in Children
Every child has a different immune system. However, influenza in children will recover within a week or so without being followed by other problems.
Complications of the flu can occur and show severe symptoms, although in rare cases they can cause death.
Some of the complications that can occur due to influenza in children include:
- Pneumonia in children or lung infection in the
- Disorders of the brain
- Have sinuses
- Ear infections in children
Children with chronic conditions have a higher level of risk if they catch influenza. So children with special needs need to be kept away from other people who have the flu. This is done to keep unwanted things away from children. If your child has influenza, consult with a pediatrician at the nearest Hermina Hospital. Friends of Hermina can also consult online with a hospital specialist. Hermina with the application "Hello Hermina."