Hypertension The Silent Killer
Hypertension is a disease in which blood pressure exceeds normal limits, in general hypertension is known as high blood pressure which can cause various health complications and can be life threatening if left unchecked.
A person can experience hypertension if more and more blood is pumped by the heart due to the narrowing of the blood vessels in the arteries. Hypertension can be known by routine checks on blood pressure. It is recommended to be done annually by all adults.
Blood pressure is written as the systolic pressure slash the diastolic pressure, for example 120/80 mmHg, read as one hundred twenty over eighty. In high blood pressure, there is usually an increase in systolic and diastolic pressure. A person can be said to have hypertension if the blood pressure measurement for two consecutive times shows results that are greater than 140/90 mmHg.
HYPERTENSION RISK FACTORS
Risk factors for hypertension are directly proportional to age. Someone who is older has a greater chance of experiencing hypertension. But there are several other risk factors that can increase the occurrence of hypertension, namely:
- Have a smoking habit
- Eat less fruits and vegetables
- Excess salt consumption
- Lack of physical activity
- Consuming too many foods or drinks that contain caffeine.
- Many consume alcoholic beverages.
- stress. High stress levels can temporarily increase blood pressure.
- Have certain chronic conditions, such as kidney disease, diabetes, or sleep apnea.
Hypertension is known as the SILENT KILLER because this disease can occur without symptoms. And not all people with hypertension recognize or feel the complaints/symptoms of hypertension itself. Even so, hypertension can be identified by paying attention to the forms of complaints that occur in the body, such as:
- Heart pounding
- Blurred vision
- Pain in the chest
- Easily tired
Uncontrolled hypertension is closely related to cases of early death. As a the Silent Killer disease, hypertension can also cause various kinds of health complications that can be life-threatening if left unchecked, including:
- Cerebral disorders of the brain
- Impaired vision
- Heart Disorders
- Impaired nerve function
- Impaired kidney function
This complication can cause premature death in people with hypertension if left unchecked.
As a silent killer disease, hypertension can also be prevented so as not to endanger lives. How to prevent it can be done easily by adopting a healthy lifestyle through the SMART Method.
- C = Health checks regularly / periodically
- E = Get rid of cigarette smoke
- R = Diligent physical activity
- D = Balanced diet
- I = Get enough rest
- K = Manage stress well
So, in order to avoid the threat of hypertension, the main step we have to take is to adopt a healthy lifestyle by paying attention to the intake we eat, the physical activity we do and the good habits we must get used to.