Types of Eczema and How to Handle Them
Eczema is a type of disease that is not deadly but must be watched out for. Disturbances in this disease can cause sufferers to be unable to move freely. Moreover, eczema is a type of long-term disease. When exposed, it can appear at any time. Sufferers will feel itching, skin redness, and inflammation until sores appear.
Triggers that often cause eczema include asthma, allergies, exposure to bacteria, and genetics. Eczema can be experienced by everyone, both children and adults. However, because they are more susceptible, this group of children is the one that experiences eczema the most. With proper treatment, this disease can be controlled so that the potential for relapse can be suppressed.
Types of Eczema
In medical science, this disease is known as dermatitis. So far, there are two types of eczema known in the community, namely dry and wet eczema. Whereas in medical science, there is no specific grouping, so there is only one type of eczema.
Society gives the disease its name based on the appearance that appears on the patient's skin, which is very easy to recognize. Because fungi are microorganisms that reproduce quickly and are contagious, eczema is also very easy to infect. The following types of diseases and how to handle them
1. Dry eczema
Sufferers of this disease will experience a red rash on the surface of the skin, itching, and the infected skin becoming drier. Parts of the skin that are easily infected with eczema include the wrists, ankles, back, neck, chest, eyelids, elbow folds, and knee folds. There are also some people who suffer from eczema on the eyes and scalp.
This type of disease is known as dry eczema because the affected skin does not look wet. But the fungus that causes it grows on the skin, which sweats and has high humidity levels. There are various causes of dry eczema. Because each person's skin resistance is different, sometimes these causes can affect someone, but other people will not easily experience them. The body's immune system also influences the ease with which a person can contract eczema.
In general, several things that can trigger the appearance of dry eczema include genetics, a history of suffering from asthma, stress, allergies, and weather that is too dry or cold. In addition, dry eczema can also appear due to the use of clothes made of wool, which are more susceptible to bacteria, and the use of chemical bath soaps with harsh properties.
This disease is actually quite easy to treat. If eczema appears because the skin is too dry, then you can use a moisturizer. Make sure it contains anti-allergic or hypoallergenic ingredients. To ensure the content of moisturizing ingredients, read the information printed on the label.
Another way to avoid getting dry eczema is to not take a long shower. If you have already experienced it, the right step is not to scratch the part of the skin that has eczema because it has the potential to make the fungus spread even more.
2. Wet eczema
This type of eczema is quite annoying. In addition to causing scars that are difficult to remove, during wet eczema, sores will appear on the surface of the skin. The wound looks wet and watery and is often followed by the appearance of pus. This type of eczema actually appears due to infection, autoimmune events, and ulcers.
In cases of wet eczema caused by allergies or irritation, the first step that must be taken is to know the trigger and avoid it immediately. If eczema appears, do not scratch it because the fungus can easily spread. Scratching the injured part due to eczema will cause the condition to get worse.
The way to deal with this is to keep the wound in the eczema clean. It is better to clean it using warm water and antiseptic soap. When choosing soap, you have to be careful not to contain chemicals that trigger the appearance of irritation and allergies.
Because the number of fungi and the medium for movement are greater, this type of eczema spreads more easily. The part of the skin that touches the wound and then moves to other skin that was previously healthy can make that part infected. One of the best ways to anticipate the spread of wet eczema is to wash your hands frequently.
Maintaining overall body health is the best way to prevent and avoid eczema. Use soap that is safe and harmless. Make sure the ingredients in it do not cause irritation or allergies. In the rainy season, where there is much standing water, which can be a place for fungus to grow and multiply, it accelerates the spread of eczema. For this reason, during the rainy season, make sure the whole house and environment are clean so that they don't become nests of germs and fungi that cause eczema.
Although eczema is not deadly, it is quite dangerous and annoying. The itchiness that arises due to the spread and growth of fungi can reduce productivity and activity. Therefore, if signs of eczema have appeared, you should immediately treat it properly.
Friends of Hermina can consult skin problems with specialist doctors at the hospital nearest Hermina, or you can consult online through the Halo Hermina application.