Definition of Cataract

Cataract is a disease when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy and cloudy. In general, cataracts develop slowly and are not bothersome at first. However, over time, cataracts will interfere with vision and make the sufferer feel like seeing a foggy window, difficult to drive, read, and perform daily activities. This disease is the leading cause of treatable blindness in the world.
Cataract Symptoms
Some of the signs and symptoms of cataracts include:
-Blurred vision like fog.
-Seeing the circle around the light.
-Double view.
-Decreased vision at night.
-Glare when looking at car headlights, the sun, or headlights.
-Frequently changing the size of the glasses.
-The colors around look faded.
Causes of Cataract

The most common causes of cataracts are due to the aging process or trauma that causes changes in the eye tissue. The lens of the eye is mostly made up of water and protein. With age, the lens becomes thicker and less flexible. This causes protein clumps and reduces the amount of light that enters the retina, a light-sensitive layer located at the back of the eye, which in turn causes blurry and blurry vision. Lens changes start with a light yellow-brown tint, but get worse over time.
Cataract Risk Factors

-Some risk factors for cataracts, including:
-Check your eyes regularly at an ophthalmologist.
-Protect your eyes from impact and sunlight that is too long, by using glasses that protect from ultraviolet rays, both UVA and UVB.
-Maintain blood sugar levels to remain normal, in people with diabetes.
-Limiting the habit of driving at night.
-Improve lighting at home.
-Use a magnifying glass when reading.
Cataract Treatment

If due to cataracts, vision is getting worse and it is difficult to carry out daily activities, cataract treatment is only a surgical procedure. Cataract surgery is generally safe and does not require hospitalization. There are two types of cataract surgery, namely:
1.Small incision cataract surgery (phacoemulsification).

This operation is performed by making a small incision at the edge of the cornea. Next, the doctor will emit ultrasound waves to destroy the lens and then remove it using a suction device.

2. Extracapsular surgery. This surgery requires a larger incision to remove the cloudy lens core.
Next, the remaining lens is removed using a suction device.

In both types of surgery, an artificial lens, also known as an intraocular lens, is inserted to replace the original lens. This operation takes about an hour and is painless. Doctors generally use eye drops to numb the eye and keep the patient awake during surgery.
When to go to the doctor?

If some of the cataract symptoms above are getting worse or worse, so that the sufferer feels pain in the eyes or has difficulty carrying out daily activities, it is better to immediately consult an ophthalmologist for further examination and treatment. To carry out an examination, you can immediately make an appointment with a doctor at the Hermina Pasteur Hospital or book through the halo Hermina application which can be downloaded on the appstore or googleplay application.

Reviewed by : dr. Karlina Putri Siregar, Sp.M


Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.