Recognize the Symptoms of Monkey Pox That You Need to Know
Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958. At that time, an outbreak of a smallpox-like disease was found that attacked the colonies of monkeys that were kept for research, which caused this disease to be called monkeypox or monkeypox. The first case of monkeypox to infect humans was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, cases of monkeypox have been reported to have infected people in several other Central and West African countries such as: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone.
Can attack various ages, from children to the elderly, it often occurs in children
A person can show symptoms of monkeypox about 1-2 weeks after the virus enters the body. Some of the symptoms of monkeypox include:
Enlarged lymph nodes
After 2–4 days of fever, a rash appears on the skin similar to chickenpox, which is blisters filled with clear fluid or pus. The rash usually appears on the face and can spread all over the body.
The modes of transmission include:
Direct contact due to scratches and bites of infected animals.
Eating the flesh of wild animals that have been infected.
The virus enters the body through open wounds, the respiratory tract, or the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, or mouth.
· Methods of transmission from human to human through direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, and indirect contact with lesion material.
The virus that causes monkeypox has just recovered (isolated) twice from animals in nature.
How to prevent monkey pox
• Global eradication of monkeypox is more difficult than smallpox due to the extensive involvement of animal hosts.
• Vaccination with Dryvax vaccine containing vaccinia, is effective in preventing monkeypox in humans.
• Observation of cases in Africa, vaccination 85% protective against
monkeypox, and for individuals who are not fully protected
show mild symptoms.
• The new vaccine, ACAM2000, has similar immunogenicity to Dryvax, the same protection against monkeypox virus in primate models.
• However, vaccinia virus vaccination is not currently used in endemic areas, monkeypox risks serious events compared to potential benefits.
• The CDC recommends pre-exposure vaccination for:
• Laboratory workers
• Researcher on monkeypox cases
• Health workers who treat monkeypox patients have no contraindications to smallpox vaccination