What is Knee Osteoarthritis (OA)?

Often called calcification of the knee joint is a chronic (chronic) disease that affects the joints and bones around the knee joint. Knee pain most commonly occurs in adulthood to old age

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease associated with cartilage damage (cartilage) joints. Osteoarthritis, which is also known as a degenerative disease, is one of the most common medical problems and causes symptoms in the elderly and middle-aged people.

Symptoms of knee osteoarthritis:

  1.     Knee pain
  2.     Crepitus (knees crackle when moved)
  3.     Limited movement
  4.     Stiffness in the joints, especially in the morning

Knee OA risk factors:

  1.     Age. The aging process is considered to be the cause of increased weakness around the joints, decreased joint flexibility
  2.     Gender The prevalence of OA in men before the age of 50 years is higher than women. But after the age of more than 50 years, the prevalence of women suffering from OA is higher than men.
  3.     Genetic factors, which are thought to also play a role in the incidence of knee OA, are associated with inherited abnormalities of the genetic code for collagen synthesis
  4.     Obesity is the strongest modifiable risk factor. During walking, half of the body weight rests on the joints. An increase in body weight will double the load on the joints when walking, especially the knee joints.
  5.     History of knee trauma/injury The Framingham study found that people with a history of knee trauma had a 5-6-fold higher risk of developing knee OA.
  6.     Joint deformity
  7.     Excessive physical activity. Strenuous physical activity such as prolonged standing (2 hours or more per day), walking long distances (2 hours or more per day), lifting heavy objects (10 kg-20 kg) 10 or more times per week, going up and down stairs on a daily basis are risk factors for OA. knee

What to do when knee pain?

  1.     Consult a doctor for therapy or treatment
  2.     Controlling body weight to reduce joint load
  3.     Perform physical therapy to help reduce pain and prevent it from getting worse.
  4.     Follow the doctor's advice and recommendations

Can osteoarthritis be cured?

No, because osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease, if not treated it will continue

proceed to the next stage. Although osteoarthritis cannot be cured, it can be managed effectively with medication, rehabilitation therapy and lifestyle changes. With proper treatment, osteoarthritis can be prevented from getting worse.

Osteoarthritis Prevention
Here are some things you can do to reduce your risk of developing osteoarthritis:

  1.     Keep your weight within the normal range.
  2.     Controlling blood sugar levels.
  3.     Do physical activities such as sports.
  4.     Do a healthy lifestyle.
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