Get to know the causes of frequent urination

Get to know the causes of frequent urination

Hello Hermina Friends, Urine is produced by the kidneys and is used to remove toxins, bacteria and harmful residue from the body. So, it can be said that urine is the most natural detoxification process.

The frequency of urination can vary for each person depending on how much fluid intake and activities are carried out in a day.

There are several reasons, including:
1. Drinking Too Much Water

When you drink too much, your body will excrete what it doesn't need. Even so, everyone's water needs cannot be measured evenly depending on activity level, body weight, and health
2. Consuming Too Much Caffeine

The habit of consuming too much caffeine can cause frequent urination.

Caffeine is a diuretic, which means it can increase the frequency of urination because diuretics increase the amount of salt and water excreted from the kidneys. So, even though drinking coffee and tea is good for health, you shouldn't consume too much of it.
3. Early Signs of Pregnancy

In the first trimester, blood volume will increase so that the kidneys must process excess fluid that evaporates in the bladder. Frequent urination is actually one of the early signs of pregnancy. This can continue in the second trimester until before delivery. You need to be careful if you feel pain or a burning feeling when you urinate, it could be a symptom of a urinary tract infection during pregnancy.
4. Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infections occur when bacteria, usually of intestinal origin, make their way to the bladder, urethra, ureters or kidneys. One of the symptoms is frequent urination accompanied by other symptoms such as pain when urinating, back pain, or blood appearing in the urine.
5. Symptoms of Diabetes

It turns out that frequent urination can be a symptom of type 1 and 2 diabetes.

This is caused by excess sugar that accumulates in the blood, which makes the kidneys work hard to filter and absorb it.

Of course frequent urination is not the only symptom, there are other symptoms such as drastic weight loss, blurred vision, feeling constantly hungry, and having wounds that are difficult to heal.
6. Vaginitis

Vaginitis is also a cause of frequent urination. Vaginitis is a condition in which the vulva becomes swollen, inflamed and painful due to infection. Symptoms of vaginitis include pain and discomfort in the genitals, and frequent urination. When experiencing vaginitis, vaginal discharge is usually grayish white or greenish yellow, thick in texture, and smells fishy.
7. Overactive Bladder

Overactive bladder (OAB) aka beser is when the bladder needs to be emptied more often than usual. OAB also makes us have to go back and forth to the toilet more than 8 times within 24 hours, as well as urinating in the middle of the night more than 1 time.
8. Bladder Stones

Similar to kidney stones, bladder stones occur when minerals in the urine combine and form small hard stones.

- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Lower abdominal pain
- Pain when urinating
- Bleeding when urinating
- Urine is dark in color
9. Stress and Anxiety

Frequent urination turns out to be caused by anxiety, nervousness, or stress.

This happens because the body's reaction when facing stress or other events that make us depressed.

If Moms often experience anxiety or stress in everyday life, find ways to deal with it so that the frequency of urination can return to normal.
10. Interstitial Cystitis

The next cause of frequent urination is interstitial cystitis (IC). IC is a chronic bladder infection that is often experienced by women.

The Interstitial Cystitis Association mentions signs of IC including:

-Frequent urination during the day and night, severe conditions can reach 60 times a day to urinate
-Unbearable urge to urinate
-Pain in the lower abdomen and vaginal or penis area
-Pain during sex
11. Menopause
Reducing estrogen levels during menopause can be a cause of frequent urination. Estrogen plays a role in supporting the sides of the bladder, so when estrogen decreases, we will urinate more frequently, even to the point where it is difficult to hold it in.
Therefore, women who have started to enter the menopause phase will often go to the bathroom at night.

Generally, you will be advised by a urologist, when signs and symptoms are found that refer to diseases of the urinary tract or reproductive system.

In addition, you are also advised to see a urologist if you experience the following symptoms:

-Pink, red, or brown urine
-Lower stomach, back or waist pain, accompanied by nausea and vomiting
-Pain when urinating
-Always feel like urinating, even though you just urinated
-Volume of urine is only small
-Unable to hold back urination
-There is a lump in the testicle
-Sexual dysfunction
-There are fertility problems in men


If Hermina's friends feel complaints like the above, you can immediately consult with Dr. Her Bayu Widyasmara, SpU who practices at Hermina Mekarsari Hospital. Check practice schedule and appointments




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