Why is parenting science important for parents? Here's the explanation:
• Assist in educating and caring for your children properly and correctly
• Helping to get to know the child's personality
• Increase self-confidence as a parent
• Mastering the basics of parenting
• Help you in overcoming your child's problems
• Helping you to be a responsible parent
The parenting pattern of children by parents can change depending on various factors. For example, parents who practice uninvolved parenting may not do their parenting intentionally, but because there are other factors that influence, such as mental health that requires treatment and has to work. day and night to support the family.
The following are the types of parenting, namely:
1. Authoritarian parenting (authoritarian parenting)
Is a parent who undergoes an authoritarian parenting, making sure his child follows all the strict rules of his father and mother. If the child fails to follow the rules, strict punishment will usually be given immediately.
2. Authoritative parenting (authoritative parenting)
Just like parents who follow authoritarian patterns, fathers and mothers who undergo authoritative parenting also expect their children to follow their rules. However, broadly speaking, this parenting style is much more democratic. Authoritative parents are willing to listen to their children's questions and are responsive to everything they do. Parents who adopt this parenting style do have high expectations for their children, but at the same time they are also provide support, warmth, and interact with children,
3. Permissive parenting (permissive parenting)
Parents who undergo permissive parenting have the following characteristics:
• Very rarely or never have certain expectations of children
• Rarely discipline children
• Responsive to things experienced by children
• It is non-traditional and gives children a lot of leeway
• Tends to avoid confrontation
• More positioning themselves as friends for their children.
4. Uninvolved parenting
The last parenting pattern is letting or uninvolved parenting. Parents who live it have almost no expectations for their children. They are also unresponsive and almost never communicate with their children. Even though these parents still fulfill their children's basic needs, such as providing a decent place to live, adequate food, and money for school and other needs. Others they are not involved in the lives of their children.
5. Overprotective parenting (overprotective parenting)
Overprotective parenting is characterized by parents who too often direct or control the actions of their children. Overprotective parents want to ensure the welfare of their children, but their efforts can interfere with or even harm their children. This parenting style is considered to trigger problems in the family and hinder the child's overall development.
Positive parenting is parenting that is done by applying supportive, constructive, and fun principles. Supportive means giving treatment that supports child development. Meanwhile, constructive means being positive by avoiding violence or punishment and doing it in a fun way.
The principle of positive parenting is that you teach children discipline by not giving them punishment. However, it is precisely by telling children which behavior is wrong and right. He believes that children have a real need to feel connected to the people around them. When children are in a responsive and interactive environment, they tend to more developed.
This parenting style needs to be carried out by every parent in providing support for their success in the future. So, it is only natural that you initially doubt whether this approach will run smoothly and effectively in educating children. However, this is better when compared to a concept that punishes children to obey their parents.
How to do positive parenting?
The basic principle of positive parenting is to respect children and make them grow into independent and responsible individuals.
Here are some steps you can take when implementing positive parenting:
1. Setting boundaries
2. Creating a comfortable environment
3. Understand the child's feelings
4. Avoid punishing children
5. Be firm
With positive parenting, children get the opportunity to develop their potential, such as being confident, independent, disciplined, growing according to their age without any pressure, and being free from intimidation and fear. If you want to consult a psychologist for a schedule, please contact 0821-3552-2454.