Recognize Tuberculosis In Children
WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS?
- Often called "flecks"
- Infectious disease, NOT Heredity
- Cause: TB germs (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
HOW CAN CHILDREN GET TB?
TB is most often transmitted from adults through splashes, coughs or sneezes that already contain TB germs. Children under 5 years old (toddlers) are most susceptible to contracting tuberculosis from adults. Active TB patients can infect 10-15 people around them every year
DOC, DO TBC GEMS THAT ENTER THE BODY ALWAYS CAUSE TB PAIN?
All TB germs are destroyed by our body's defense system
People with Latent TB Infection
TB germs are in our bodies, but are "fenced off" by the body's defense system, so they don't cause TB symptoms
TB Sick People
The body's defense system is unable to fight the TB germs, causing TB symptoms
TB CAN AFFECT BODY ORGANS OTHER THAN THE LUNGS!
Tuberculosis or TB is a disease that is easily transmitted through the air and often infects the lungs. In fact, tuberculosis can also affect other organs of the body, for example the spine, skin, brain, intestines, kidneys, liver and heart.
WHAT FACTORS INCREASE THE RISK OF TB DISEASE IN CHILDREN?
Children under five and adolescents are at high risk for TB disease. Lowered immunity increases the risk of developing TB disease, such as: Malnutrition, DM, Malignancy, Long-term Steroid Drug Consumption, HIV, Close contact with infectious pulmonary TB patients, etc.
TB SYMPTOMS IN CHILDREN?
Long cough > 2 weeks despite being given treatment
Fever > 2 weeks for no apparent reason
Weight loss or settled in 2 months
The child is lethargic and not as active as usual
WHAT SHOULD IF A CHILD HAS SYMPTOMS OF TB?
Information related to TB in children is expected to increase awareness for parents to be able to pay more attention to growth and development and the various symptoms that appear in the child.
Continue to apply Clean and Healthy Behavior (PHBS), immediately take the child to the nearest health service facility if they experience symptoms of TB to get proper diagnosis and treatment by health workers.