Is your head frequently dizzy from spinning? Recognize the symptoms of vertigo.
Dizziness or headaches are one of the most common health complaints. Even dizziness is a symptom that almost always appears in various types of diseases. Both mild and chronic diseases suffer over a long period of time. Symptoms of dizziness that occur can include a heavy head or a partial or complete headache.
In addition, dizziness can also be a sign of certain diseases that should not be underestimated, namely vertigo. The symptoms of dizziness in vertigo are different from those of dizziness in general. Vertigo is a health disorder that causes a sensation of dizziness where the patient feels as if the room or the surrounding environment is spinning.
Vertigo can occur when a person looks down from a height. This condition can usually trigger temporary or persistent dizziness symptoms. In ongoing conditions, it is usually caused by problems with the inner ear or the nervous system of the brain.
Causes of Vertigo Vertigo is a symptom of certain health disorders that can occur in the ears or brain. The following are some of the common causes of the condition:
- BPPV stands for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. It is the most common cause of vertigo and creates an intense, brief feeling that the person is spinning or moving. These episodes are triggered by a rapid change in head movement, such as a blow to the head.
- Infection. A viral infection of the vestibular nerve, called vestibular or labyrinthine neuritis, can cause intense and constant vertigo.
- Meniere's disease. When excess fluid builds up in the inner ear, it can trigger sudden episodes of vertigo. Note that these episodes can last for several hours.
- Migraine. Migraine vertigo can last from minutes to hours.
- Head or neck injury. Vertigo is a common symptom of a traumatic head or neck injury. especially if the injury caused damage to the vestibular system.
- Use of drugs. Certain medications can cause vertigo, along with other symptoms. For example, such as dizziness, hearing loss, and tinnitus, or ringing in the ears.
Here are some of the most common vertigo symptoms:
- Headache with a sensation of moving or spinning
- It is difficult to balance the body
- Experiencing a drunken feeling like motion sickness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Ringing in the ears or tinnitus
- Full feeling in the ear
- Have nystagmus, in which the eye moves uncontrollably from side to side.
Treatment of Vertigo
Actually, some cases of vertigo can heal without treatment. This is because the brain has successfully adapted to changes in the inner ear. However, as previously explained, this condition is not a disease but a symptom of a health problem. Therefore, if treatment is needed, it will focus on the underlying cause. Here are some common vertigo treatments:
- Drug use. Treating the cause of vertigo can help relieve symptoms. For example, if vertigo is a byproduct of an infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics or steroids to help reduce inflammation.
- Vestibular rehabilitation. If vertigo is the result of an inner ear problem, this type of physical therapy can help reduce symptoms. Vestibular rehabilitation can help strengthen the other senses so that they can compensate for episodes of vertigo.
- Canalith repositioning procedure (CRP). If a person has BPPV, a canalith repositioning maneuver may be performed. This treatment aims to help move calcium deposits into the inner ear space.
- Surgery. When vertigo is caused by a serious underlying problem, such as a brain tumor or neck injury, surgery may be necessary.
Hopefully this article is useful for Hermina's friends. If you and your family experience symptoms of dizziness or headaches that don't go away, don't hesitate to immediately consult a doctor trusted by Hermina's best friend.