Steps to Prevent Iron Deficiency Anemia
Hello Friends of Hermina. This time we will discuss a little about iron deficiency anemia. What exactly is iron deficiency anemia?
Anemia is a condition where the body's hemoglobin (Hb) level is less than normal. Hemoglobin itself functions to deliver oxygen throughout the body so that the body works optimally. Hemoglobin is like a car whose job is to deliver logistics throughout the body. If this "car" is disrupted, then the "logistics" that should be delivered will not reach the body's cells.
The normal Hb level for each population is different, but in general the normal value of Hb is
- 13 – 18 gr/dL in men
- 12 - 15 gr/dL in women
- 11 – 16 gr/dL in children
- For pregnant women, the normal value in each trimester is different, but in general it is more than 10 gr/dL
There are many causes of anemia. However, what is often found in the general population is iron deficiency anemia or what is commonly referred to as iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is a condition where iron is one of the building blocks of red blood cells. If the amount of iron as a raw material for forming red blood cells decreases, the amount of blood that is formed will automatically decrease.
There are many things that can cause iron deficiency anemia, including:
- Insufficient nutritional intake, especially animal protein as the main source of iron
- Increased needs, such as during pregnancy
- Infections, such as worms or malaria
- Heavy blood loss, for example during menstruation
Iron absorption in the body can be influenced by consumption of certain foods. Vitamin C, meat, fish and poultry can increase iron absorption, while calcium can inhibit iron absorption
Symptoms that can occur in people with iron deficiency anemia include lethargy, weakness, tiredness, tiredness, and inattention (5L).
The consequences of anemia itself include an increased risk of miscarriage in pregnant women, babies born prematurely, low birth weight, impaired growth and development, heart problems, and can reduce the quality of life in carrying out daily work.
Things we can do to prevent and treat iron deficiency anemia:
- Balanced nutritional diet. Foods that are rich sources of iron: liver, fish, meat and poultry. Fruits, especially those high in vitamin C, will increase iron absorption
- If you feel that your need for iron from food will not be sufficient, you can add iron supplements/blood supplement tablets. However, if your diet meets balanced nutrition, then iron supplementation is no longer needed
Iron deficiency anemia is a disease that can be cured if treated appropriately. Please consult a specialist in internal medicine if Hermina's friends have complaints or conditions that might cause iron deficiency anemia. RSU Hermina Pandanaran has a specialist in internal medicine who can treat the symptoms of anemia that Hermina's friends are experiencing. Get easy registration for Padma Poly doctors via the Halo Hermina mobile application, Call Center 1500 488 and the website www.herminahospitals.com. Stay Healthy, Hermina Friends!