Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnant Women
Pregnancy is a moment most awaited by all couples. However, early pregnancy is a period that is not easily passed for mothers-to-be. In this phase, pregnant women will experience many complaints as a natural reaction to the changes that occur in the body.
Complaints that must be felt by almost all pregnant women are the struggle against nausea and vomiting during early pregnancy. Nausea or vomiting during pregnancy is usually caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy and begins early in pregnancy before 9 weeks of gestation. This is normal. Nausea will gradually subside after passing the 14th week of pregnancy. But for some women it can last during pregnancy.
Excessive nausea and vomiting (more than 3 times a day) in pregnancy can result in weight loss of up to 5%. This condition can trigger dehydration or a condition of lack of fluids and is referred to as hyperemesis gravidarum.
1. What are the risk factors that can make pregnant women experience hyperemesis gravidarum?
- In twin pregnancy
- History of excessive nausea and vomiting in previous pregnancies
- Family history of hyperemesis gravidarum
- History of migraine before pregnancy
- In wine pregnancy (hydatidiform mole)
Is it true that the fetus becomes malnourished when pregnant women have nausea and vomiting? Pregnant women need to be alert if the condition of nausea and vomiting is getting worse and excessive, or there is hyperemesis gravidarum to excess fluid loss (dehydration) and no food intake until excessive weight loss occurs. This can have an impact on the health and weight of the fetus at birth.
2. Here are the signs of dehydration that pregnant women need to recognize:
- Reduced frequency of urination
- Small amount of urine
- Thick urine color
- Weak, weak, dizzy and even unable to stand up
- Feel the chest pounding
- Lips and skin feel dry
The toughest challenge when pregnant women experience malnutrition is excessive nausea and vomiting that makes it difficult to eat and worsens nutritional status. One way to overcome this is to force yourself to consume nutritious and balanced foods in small portions but often. Pregnant women also need to get additional intake of vitamins and minerals to ensure their health.
3. Tips for dealing with nausea and vomiting during pregnancy
Pregnant women can follow these steps to deal with nausea and vomiting during pregnancy:
- Adequate fluid needs, drink 8-12 glasses of water per day. If fluid needs are met, body temperature will also be well maintained. When properly hydrated, nausea and vomiting can be reduced.
- Eating small, small meals, for 5 to 6 small meals a day, can help reduce nausea and keep nutritional needs met. Avoid foods that are too seasoned, coconut milk, and too oily, based on some research literature, ginger can help reduce nausea. Pregnant women can try sucking on ginger candy or drinks containing ginger to treat nausea and vomiting.
- Busy yourself in the things you love. Diverting your mind to something else you enjoy can help you forget about your nausea for a while. Taking a walk to breathe outside can also reduce nausea.
- Get enough rest and avoid stress, share every moment with your partner. Build a comfortable atmosphere to be able to pass this stage well
If the way to get rid of nausea during pregnancy above does not reduce symptoms or feel the situation is getting worse, immediately consult a complaint with a gynecologist at RSIA Hermina Mutiara Bunda Salatiga so that it can be immediately treated with the right treatment.