Treatment to Overcome Metabolic Syndrome
The symptoms of the metabolic syndrome include hypertension (high blood pressure), decreased glucose tolerance, and dyslipidemia (a condition in which cholesterol levels, namely LDL, HDL, and triglycerides, are abnormal) (a condition that is not yet included in the diabetes category but blood glucose is higher than normal). above average), central obesity (fat accumulation centered in the abdomen).
A major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a good indicator of future diabetes mellitus is metabolic syndrome (disorders that affect the heart and blood vessels).
Although the exact etiology of metabolic syndrome is unknown, insulin resistance, which occurs when the body's cells do not respond to insulin as it should, is thought to be the main contributor. Waist circumference measurements can be used to investigate the link between abdominal fat deposits and insulin resistance.
In individuals who are not yet diabetic or hypertensive, treatment for the metabolic syndrome seeks to lower the risk of cardiac disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
All patients with a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome ought to be encouraged to modify their eating and exercise routines.
Exercise has been shown to lower fat levels and insulin resistance. Frequent exercise on at least three to four days each week can enhance
A low-sodium diet can support a drop in blood pressure, which lowers the frequency of cardiovascular events and diabetes mellitus.
Diet Reduce carbohydrate intake, swap it for meals containing unsaturated fats, or eat carbohydrates with a low glycemic index (foods that are processed by the body slowly, preventing blood sugar levels from rising) to lower triglyceride levels or raise HDL cholesterol levels with a low-fat diet. greatly enhanced). reducing intake of salt to lower blood pressure, reducing intake of carbohydrates with a high glycemic index to lower blood glucose and lipid levels, and reducing intake of saturated fat to improve insulin resistance.
Those with metabolic syndrome benefit greatly from a diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, unsaturated fats, and low-fat dairy products.
To reduce blood pressure and dyslipidemia in patients with risk factors who cannot be managed only by lifestyle changes, pharmacological intervention is required.
Those with at least several diseases, such as obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, need to be understood and treated early in order to prevent cardiovascular events.