The Importance of Cataract Screening

The Importance of Cataract Screening

Cataract is a condition where the lens of the eye becomes cloudy. The incidence of cataracts is often found in the elderly and usually occurs due to the aging process. The incidence of cataract cases is among the highest which can cause blindness.

Cataract is a clouding of the eye's lens or lens capsule that changes the image projected on the retina. This disorder is not a tumor or growth of tissue in the eye, but the condition of the lens that becomes cloudy

The most common causes of blindness in Indonesia:
Cataract 0.78%
Glaucoma 0.20%
Refractive Disorder 0.14%
Retinal Disorder 0.13%
Corneal Abnormalities 0.10%

The main cause of cataracts is the aging process. Factors that can trigger cataracts include the following:
Genetic factors Systemic diseases such as inflammation and metabolism, eg diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia. Deficiency of vitamins A, B1, B2 and C.
Family history of cataracts
Infectious disease or previous eye injury
eye surgery
Long-term use of certain drugs (corticosteroids)
Environmental factors, such as trauma, radiation, and ultraviolet light.

When should we do an eye exam on a child?

At birth, especially if you have risk factors for prematurity, there are signs of eye disease and a family history of eye disease as a child

3-5 years old, sharp eyesight, squint, lazy eye

Age 5 years and over Myopia (nearsightedness) often at this age, Sharpness of vision and eyeball position

When should we have an eye exam?

If there are no complaints Age 40 years Can identify eye diseases that usually occur at the age of 40 years and over such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataracts

If there are complaints or have risk factors: DM, hypertension, family history of eye disease, don't delay, consult a doctor immediately

Procedures that can be done for cataracts

Balanced diet
Sun exposure glasses
Prevent PPE trauma
Blood sugar control

ICCE (Intra Capsular Cataract Extraction)
ECCE (Extra Capsular Cataract Extraction)

When to go to the doctor....?
If Friends of Hermina have the problems described above, you should consult with an Ophthalmologist dr. Lasmida Ruth, Sp. M at Hermina Hospital Bekasi
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