Diabetes or diabetes is a condition where blood sugar or glucose levels in the body exceed normal limits. Diabetes is a disease characterized by high blood sugar levels because the pancreas cannot produce it properly. High blood sugar occurs due to a lack or insufficient insulin hormone because the body cannot use it optimally.

Types of diabetes mellitus:

Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

In diabetes mellitus type 1 occurs because the body's immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas where the pancreas itself plays a role in producing the hormone insulin. Diabetes mellitus type 1 the body is no longer able to produce insulin so that additional insulin is needed.

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

In diabetes mellitus type 2 the most common type of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the patient is still able to produce insulin but the insulin is no longer able to do its job, causing glucose not to enter the cells. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the body produces a small amount of insulin, so patients will receive increased doses of drugs or even use additional insulin to keep diabetes under control.

Gestational Diabetes

In gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that usually occurs in several cases such as pregnancy. Patients who are pregnant usually the body will produce more insulin. In some cases, patients fail to produce more insulin, so they will experience gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes will disappear by itself when the completion of the pregnancy.

There are several symptoms that are characteristic of diabetes mellitus,

known as the 3Ps, namely:

  1. Polyuria, frequent urination especially at night
  2. Polyphagia, often feeling hungry even though you have eaten before
  3. Polydipsia, often feeling thirsty

Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus

  1. Running a healthy lifestyle by reducing unhealthy foods contains high carbohydrates and fat
  2. Consume foods that are high in fiber
  3. Increase physical activity such as regular exercise for 30-45 minutes at least 3 times a week
  4. Control excess weight

Diabetes Mellitus Detection Examination of diabetes mellitus can be done by:

  1. Current Blood Sugar Examination (GDS)
  2. Fasting Blood Sugar Examination
  3. 2 Hour Post Prandial Blood Sugar Check (GDPP)
  4. Check Hemoglobin (HbA1C)

Consult regarding blood sugar with an Internal Medicine Specialist who will help provide the best input to prevent and reduce the risk of diabetes mellitus.

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