Beware of HIV Transmission and Recognize the Dangers

Beware of HIV Transmission and Recognize the Dangers

HIV is a very dangerous virus. The way this virus works is by attacking the immune system, which is very important so that the body can independently fight disease germs that will enter. Until now, there has been no drug that can fight HIV. It is very important to be aware of HIV transmission.

In the body, HIV will attack CD4 cells, which play a role in fighting infection. Therefore, sufferers are very susceptible to opportunistic infections. Everyone needs to be aware of HIV transmission. What you need to know is that this virus cannot be spread by casual contact, such as shaking hands or hugging.


Beware of HIV Transmission

Even though it's very scary because it's dangerous, not just anyone can catch this virus. As long as you follow a healthy and correct lifestyle, you will not get infected. This dangerous virus can only be transmitted through fluids such as blood, breast milk, and sexual intercourse.

There are several ways of transmitting the HIV virus :

  1. Sexual intercourse

  2. Sharing needles

  3. Blood products and organs

  4. HIV-positive pregnant woman and baby

It is very important to be aware of HIV transmission. You do this by living life correctly, not carelessly using syringes, and not changing partners. Patients who are infected with the HIV virus are very susceptible to various other types of diseases, so if they have been infected, they have to be really extra careful to maintain their health.


The dangers of HIV

HIV patients often feel inferior and ostracized because of their fear that society will infect them. Meanwhile, according to the characteristics of the virus and the way it spreads, it is not easy. As long as there is no contact through fluids with the patient, the virus will not be able to move.

However, avoiding the cause of this virus is very important. We don't know who is carrying the virus or how it will be transferred. Caution is the dominant factor in being able to protect the body so that the virus cannot spread. Some of the dangers posed by HIV include :

1. TBC

TB, or tuberculosis, is very easy to attack in patients with the HIV virus because their immune systems are weak. Germs from this disease are very easy to spread through the air. If there is a patient with HIV who is infected with TB, they must immediately get antibiotics. Its function is to kill the TB virus. Furthermore, patients with HIV and TB must immediately receive proper treatment. The first step that must be taken is to kill the TB virus until it is completely cured. Furthermore, treatment for HIV can be resumed. Until now, TB has been the most common type of deadly disease for people living with HIV.

2. Toksoplasmosis

This disease is caused by a single-celled parasite, Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). This type of parasite is commonly found in undercooked processed meat. It is also often found in cat feces. In general, this type of parasite is not too dangerous for people who have natural immunity. However, for people with HIV, where the body loses immunity, this one parasite can cause serious health problems. Patients can experience encephalitis, which is a serious infection that occurs in the brain.

3. Cryptosporidiosis

This type of disease can cause diarrhea that does not heal immediately. The cause is cryptosporidium. This type of parasite can come from the intestines of infected animals. In general, this parasite enters through contaminated food or drink. Symptoms of the disease will not appear immediately. It usually takes one week after germs enter the body, and diarrhea can last up to two weeks. In general, the appearance of symptoms in each person is different. Some can last up to 24 to 36 months and are only seen after the patient's condition is fatal.

4. Cytomegalovirus

This type of disease is related to herpes. How it spreads through fluids from within the patient's body. The symptoms that appear in each patient are different. Starting from reduced vision, digestive tract, and lungs to weak bones so that patients have difficulty walking.

5. Candidiasis

Weak immunity is a target for various types of viruses and germs. Because of this, people living with HIV are very vulnerable to suffering from various diseases, including candidiasis. The fungus from this disease develops more quickly and forms membranes that attach to mucous organs such as the mouth, vagina, and tongue. On the part that is attacked, a white layer will appear. If it is released, it will cause an extraordinary feeling of pain, and then the part can experience bleeding.

Beware of HIV transmission, which must continue. Because it causes a decrease in the body's resistance, it can invite various types of diseases, and even patients often experience complications.

Friends of Hermina can consult on HIV-related issues with hospital specialists. nearest Hermina, or you can consult online through the Halo Hermina application.

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