Diseases After The Rainy Season
Some diseases do not know season or time or can strike at any time. However, there are also some diseases whose incidence or transmission rates increase in certain seasons, for example the rainy season. The rainy season can be regarded as a disease-prone season because various types of microbes and viruses are easier to breed in this season. Especially if Friends of Hermina's endurance is decreasing. This will make them more susceptible to disease. Recognizing various common diseases that usually occur in the rainy season will make Sahabat Hermina more alert to prevent transmission. So what are the diseases of the rainy season that often appear?
Influenza is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus which can cause mild to severe illness. Symptoms include feeling unwell, fever, aches and pains, weakness, lethargy, sneezing and pain in the muscles and joints. This virus is spread through body fluids such as mucus or saliva which can be transmitted through the mouth, nose or hands that touch contaminated objects. How to prevent it by exercising and getting enough rest, increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables, washing hands and wearing a mask when you have a cold.
- Dengue fever
Dengue fever is a disease caused by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This disease causes symptoms of high fever. If not treated properly, dengue fever is life-threatening. Diseases caused by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito that often occur in the rainy season when mosquito breeding increases. The way to prevent Dengue Fever is to do 3M plus: drain the bath, close the water container and use used goods and do PSN (Mosquito Nest Eradication).
- Typhoid fever
Typhoid fever, or better known as typhoid, is a contagious infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi or Salmonella paratyphi. The bacteria are spread through contaminated food or drink. If not treated immediately, sufferers can experience complications such as pneumonia, pleurisy, myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle), acute heart failure, and even death.
Diarrhea is a digestive disorder characterized by watery bowel movements 3 (three) or more times a day. The cause of diarrhea is eating food contaminated with bacteria, viruses or parasites. Diarrhea is caused by bacteria E. Coli, Salmonella, Shigella and others. How to prevent dare by washing hands with soap under running water, defecating in place and maintaining food hygiene and health.
Leptospirosis is an infection caused by spiral-shaped bacteria called Leptospira interrogans. This rainy season disease is "quite popular" in Indonesia, usually known as rat urine disease. You can get this disease by touching soil or water, wet soil, or plants contaminated with the urine of infected animals. Besides rats, the animals that most often transmit leptospirosis are cattle, pigs, dogs, reptiles and amphibians, and other rodents. High fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, red eyes, chills, sore calf muscles, and abdominal pain are symptoms that characterize this disease. In certain cases, this disease can cause liver disorders, kidney failure, meningitis, to respiratory failure.
Tips to prevent diseases that occur in the rainy season
- Increase the body's immune system by resting regularly, eating nutritious foods (such as protein, vitamins, high in fiber and anti-oxidants), consuming fruits and vegetables that contain lots of vitamins and anti-oxidants, and drinking 2 liters of water per day.
- Regular exercise. The rainy season should not stop us from exercising. We can do sports at home such as gymnastics, jumping rope, push ups, sit ups, stationary bikes, or treadmills.
- Maintain personal and environmental hygiene. When leaving the house, wear a boot if you enter an area with a lot of standing water, wash your hands before eating, do the 3M movement (closing water reservoirs, draining the bathtub, and burying used items that have the potential to become puddles), and cleaning the room from hangers. clothes hanger that can be a place to hide dengue fever mosquitoes.
- Avoid mosquito bites by cleaning our environment that has the potential to become a mosquito nest. Get to know the various diseases that appear during the rainy season and floods so that we can be more alert to various diseases.
Friends of Hermina who experience symptoms of the disease above can consult a doctor at RSU Hermina Pandanaran. Get easy doctor registration through the Halo Hermina Mobile Application, Call Center 1500488, the website www.herminahospitals.com and Mobile JKN.