Beware! 8 Types of Injuries at Work or During Sports and How to Overcome Them

Beware! 8 Types of Injuries at Work or During Sports and How to Overcome Them

Chronic (chronic) disorders of muscles, tendons & nerves caused by repetitive activities, fast, high loads, pressure, abnormal posture in workers
    • Bursitis
    • Tendinitis
    • Ganglion cyst
    • Sprains and strains
    • Tenosynovitis
    • Trigger finger
    • Low back pain (LBP)
    • Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

Recognize the types of disorders in muscles, joints and bones

Inflammation of the bursa (cushion between bone and tendon)
    • Shoulders, elbows, knees, hips
    • Reason :
      - Pressure on joints
      - Repetitive movements
Inflammation of muscle tendons
    • Shoulders, elbows, knees, ankles
    • Reason :
      - Sudden movements, heavy loads
      - Repetitive movement
      - Posture that is not ergonomic
      - Chronic tendinitis tendinosis ( growth of scar tissue in muscle tendons)
Ganglion cyst
Lumps in the joints filled with joint fluid
    • Wrist, foot
    • Reason :
      - Repetitive movement
Sprains and strains
A sprain or commonly known as a sprain is an injury to the supporting ligaments that surround the joints that connect bones to one another. While Strains are injuries to muscles or tendons that connect bones and muscles. Sprains can be acute (occurs immediately after a muscle is overused or overstressed) or chronic (caused by repetitive and overuse of the muscle). Sprained ankles, wrists, and thumbs are the most common joint injuries. While strains often occur in the upper limbs and back, such as in the hamstring (thigh) and lumbar (lower back) muscles. Sprains and sprains usually heal without surgical repair.

- De Quervain tenosynovitis

  • inflammation of the synovial membrane (muscle protective layer),

- wrist
    • Reason
    • Repetitive movement
    • Wrong posture
    • DM, pregnancy, rheumatic joint disease
    • Stenosing tenosynovitis - trigger finger - stuck finger
Low Back Pain/Lower Back Pain
    • Acute vs Chronic
    • Non radicular muscle spasm, lumbar spondylosis
    • Radicular HNP (Hernia Nucleus Pulposus)
    • Risk factors for workers:
      - Frequent lifting
      - Heavy load (> 10 kg/ > 33% body weight)
      - Pushing and pulling (> 22.5 kg)
      - Rotation work
      - Prolong standing (> 6 hours/shift)
      - Prolong sitting (> 6 hours/shift)
      - Vibration

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
Compression of the median nerve as it passes through the tunnel at the wrist
    • Reason :
      - Repetitive wrist movements
      - Abnormal position of wrist
      - Carrying heavy loads
      - Vibration
      - female, forty, fatty, forced
Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders

    • Healthy lifestyles
    • Get enough rest
    • Nutritional food
    • Avoid stress, cigarette smoke
    • Regular exercise
    • Pay attention to ergonomics at work
    • Job rotation

Well, Friends of Hermina are experiencing problems regarding the health of bones, muscles and joints. Friends of Hermina can directly ask a bone specialist, a neurologist or a specialist in rehabilitation. In addition, Hermina's friend, if the doctor recommends that you need assistance from a therapist, Hermina's friend, you don't need to worry, we have provided facilities, namely physiotherapy at Hermina Tangkubanprahu Hospital.

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