Let's Know What is Cancer Service
Cervical cancer is a malignancy originating from the cervix. The cervix is the lower third of the uterus, is cylindrical in shape, protrudes and communicates with the vagina through the external uterine os.
Data from Riskesdas in 2013 and 2018 showed an increase in cancer prevalence in Indonesia from 1.4% to 1.49%. In 2010 the estimated number of cervical cancer incidents was 454,000 cases. Found about 200,000 deaths related to cervical cancer, and 46,000 of them are women aged 15-49 years living in developing countries.
Symptoms and Signs Cervical Center
In general, precancerous lesions are not symptomatic. When it has become invasive cancer, the most common symptoms are bleeding (contact bleeding, bleeding during intercourse) and vaginal discharge. In advanced stages, symptoms can progress to low back or abdominal pain due to the pressure of the tumor in the hip area laterally to obstruction of the urinary tract, even to little or no urine. Advanced symptoms may occur according to tumor infiltration into the affected organs, such as limb edema.
Risk factor Cervical Center
Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Cervical cancer begins when healthy cells in the cervix undergo changes (mutations) in their DNA.
In addition to the HPV virus, there are risk factors that can increase cervical cancer, including: Hereditary history, a person becomes twice as vulnerable if someone in the family has had cervical cancer, Sexual activity at a young age, Having sex with multiple partners, Smoking habits, Already several times pregnant and giving birth, Using birth control pills, Sexually transmitted diseases, especially chlamydia infection, Immunity disorders
Prevention Cervical Cancer
1. Doing the HPV Vaccination
HPV vaccination is one of the most effective ways to prevent infection with the HPV virus that can cause cervical cancer.
- The HPV vaccination is recommended for preteens 11 to 12 years of age, but can be given as early as 9 years of age.
- The HPV vaccine is also recommended for all people up to the age of 26, if they have not been vaccinated.
- HPV vaccination is not recommended for everyone over the age of 26. However, some adults aged 27 to 45 who have not been vaccinated may decide to get the HPV vaccine after talking to their doctor about the risks of a new HPV infection and the possible benefits of vaccination. HPV vaccination at this age range provides less benefit, as more people have been exposed to HPV.
2. Screening Test
Some screening tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early, the test can be done in a hospital or clinic. Here are some screening tests:
A Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancerous, cell changes in the cervix that may become cervical cancer if not treated appropriately.
Acetate visual inspection (IVA) is an examination carried out for cervical cancer screening
HPV DNA testing is a procedure to detect high-risk type of HPV (human papilloma virus) infection in women.
3. No smoking
4. Wear experience when having sex
5. Not changing sex partners
Cervical cancer is treated in several ways. It depends on the type of cervical cancer and how far it has spread. Treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
- Surgery: Doctors remove cancerous tissue in surgery.
- Chemotherapy: Using special drugs to shrink or kill cancer. These drugs can be pills you take or drugs given into your vein, or sometimes both.
- Radiation: Uses high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to kill cancer.
If Friends of Hermina experience the signs and symptoms as mentioned, immediately consult a doctor to get more appropriate treatment.