Come on, do you know what coronary heart disease is?

Come on, do you know what coronary heart disease is?

Coronary Heart Disease or commonly abbreviated as CHD is a disorder of heart function due to a lack of blood in the heart muscle due to a blockage or narrowing that occurs in the coronary arteries due to damage to the lining of the blood vessel walls (atherosclerosis).

Coronary arteries are coronary arteries that carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart. These coronary arteries branch from the aorta (large blood vessel). There are two types of coronary arteries, namely the left coronary artery and the right coronary artery.

The left main coronary artery serves to drain blood to the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart. Meanwhile, the right artery serves to drain blood to the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart. The accumulation of fat in the coronary arteries causes the narrowing and thickening of the coronary arteries. This condition causes the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart to be reduced so that it can cause symptoms called coronary heart disease.


CHD Causes and Symptoms

Coronary heart disease can occur when blood flow to the heart is blocked. Many factors can increase the risk of this happening, including having an unhealthy diet, smoking, or suffering from certain diseases, such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure, heredity, unhealthy diet, and excessive alcohol consumption.

The symptoms felt are complaints of discomfort in the chest or chest pain (angina) that lasts for more than 20 minutes at rest or during activities, accompanied by symptoms of chills or other symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, and weakness.

• Chest pressure

• Chest pain

• Chest heaviness

• Nausea or heartburn

• Cold sweat and burning sensation


Prevention and Treatment

To overcome coronary heart disease (CHD), doctors can prescribe drugs for sufferers. However, if the drug is not effective, it will be continued with surgery.

Coronary heart disease can be prevented by implementing a healthy lifestyle, among other things, by exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet. Furthermore, it is mandatory to have your health condition checked with a doctor on a regular basis.

Therefore, you should routinely carry out health checks such as blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar at the nearest health care facility. And do not forget to adopt a healthy lifestyle to prevent coronary heart disease. Immediately contact the health officer if Sahabat Hermina experiences symptoms of coronary heart disease so that she can immediately get the right treatment from health workers.

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