Mengenal Tentang Pemeriksaan EEG ( Elektroensefalografi )
EEG examination or electroencephalography is an examination to detect electrical activity in the brain, and is useful for determining any abnormalities that interfere with the flow of electricity in the brain. There are many diseases in the brain and outside the brain that interfere with brain function can be detected with this EEG tool. Such seizures, whether caused by epilepsy or others, brain tumors, metabolic disorders to sleep disorders can also be detected with this EEG. In addition, this EEG can also help establish the diagnosis of certain psychiatric disorders, which affect the electricity in the brain. For this reason, the results of electroencephalography examination can show abnormal electrical activity which could be an indication of a disorder in the patient's brain and nerves. This EEG tool is a diagnostic support, so it is complementary to the examination of a specialist according to the disease.
Here are some diseases that can be detected through electroencephalography, including:
- Brain damage due to injury to the brain
- Complications in stroke
- Sleep disorders
- Brain tumors or cancer
- Personality disorders
- Child growth and development disorders
In addition, EEG (electroencephalography) examination is generally performed on other conditions with a specific purpose, which can help find the right level of anesthesia in a person when in a coma, and can act as an indicator of brain death.
There are several procedures before the EEG (Electroencephalography) TEST examination is performed, such as:
- Inform what medicines are consumed
- It is not allowed to eat and drink caffeine-containing in the 8-12 hours before the test
- Do not fast, because it will affect the results of the examination if blood sugar levels are low
- Before doing an EEG (Electroencephalography) Test, make sure you have consulted with a Neurologist
In EEG (Electroencephalography) examination, the procedure requires the patient to be placed with electrodes on the scalp to record electrical activity in various places on the head. During the process, brain activity is recorded on a piece of paper called an encephalogram. At the time of the examination, the patient is asked to lie down and calm down. Some patients perform EEG procedures while the patient is asleep because some abnormally detectable brain waves will only be visible while the patient is sleeping.
After the EEG (Electroencephalography) is completed and the medical team has received the results of the brain record, electrodes will be removed from the head. Then there is at the point where the electrodes are installed, it is likely that redness or irritation will appear on the scalp. But don't worry, this is a natural thing and will usually disappear. This EEG test patients may feel dizzy and tingling in the lips and fingers in some parts after the examination is done. If the condition is quite disturbing, you should consult a neurologist.
For Friends of Hermina who have complaints or want to consult regarding EEG (Electroencephalography) TEST examination, further information can contact 0821-3552-2454.