Myths and facts about diabetes and how to treat it
Diabetes is known as the "mother" of all diseases. When all of the symptoms, complications, and management issues of diabetes are considered, diabetes is one of the most common comorbidities, along with hypertension. Although it is often heard, it turns out that there are still people who are not familiar with diabetes. In fact, one of the causes of increased diabetes is the ignorance of sufferers that they already have the disease.
Diabetes mellitus comes from the Greek, where diabetes means "shower" and mellitus means "sweet." The definition of diabetes is "a disease characterized by increased sugar in the blood."
Many people divide diabetes into wet sugar and dry sugar, but in medical terms, there is no distinction between the two.Diabetes is divided into type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Perhaps people classify wet sugar because diabetics have wounds that are difficult to heal.
Diabetes is divided into four categories.
1. Type 1 diabetes (type 1 DM)
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body produces less or even no insulin at all. where insulin functions to control blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes can be found in people of all ages; it can even occur at a young age and in children.
2. Type 2 diabetes (Type 2 DM)
Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults and the elderly due to unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as a lack of exercise and an uncontrolled diet that results in being overweight. This unhealthy lifestyle results in insulin resistance, namely the condition of the body being immune to or insensitive to insulin's immune response. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes compared to other types of diabetes.
3. Gestational Diabetes (Gestational Diabetes)
Diabetes that develops during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes.This can happen even if you have no history of diabetes before pregnancy. If controlled, blood sugar levels will return to normal after delivery.
4. Other categories of diabetes (not included in all three categories)
In addition to diet and managing eating patterns, exercise is highly recommended for diabetics to control blood sugar. The type of exercise can be tailored to the diabetic's needs.
Can diabetes be cured?
If you have fallen into diabetes, then it can no longer be cured. However, blood sugar is very controllable. There are targets that must be achieved by the patient so that blood sugar is controlled and the disease can be controlled.